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How to paint – AQUARELL – practical exercise for the painting with watercolours

The aquarell painting has got quite a short history and its beginnings are dated in the beginning of 19th century in England where the Society of Aquarell painters was established. In those days the aquarell painting was regarded as a supplementary one, convenient mainly for the painting of sketches and plans which were used as a patterns for oil painting. Turner, Cotman or De Wint belong to the most famous aquarell painters but even before them the aquarell painting were used by Rubens, van Dyck or Durer. Current artists emphasize that the cheap things are not worth buying because of its poor quality. On the other hand, the financial part of the product must be necessarily considered when we talk about basic schools. We offer you the following practical exercises of the aquarell technique which every single artist-beginner should be able to try with our tools and materials within art lessons or in other specialized free time activities organized at basic schools.

The main tools for the work with aquarell colours are paper, paintbrush, water and watercolours or distemper colours. The school watercolours KOH-I-NOOR in small, rounded dish are easy to dilute and ideal for children’s works at school. While painting and especially during flushing the very important function carries the paper. Considering the possibilities at basic schools children should do with their sketchpads. Although the producer offer a lot of different paintbrushes, paintbrush number 6 should be good enough for your painting. Aquarell colours are diluted in water so then you will need a glass or plastic container with wide neck which holds 0.5 litres at least, graphite pencils with the HB hardness the best, and a cloth.

There are 3 basic rules to follow while painting with the aquarell colours:
1. it is not possible to lay light paint over dark paint
2. less is sometimes better than more
3. it is to important to demark the white places we want to keep on the paper

1. Firstly draw a shape of an apple with a pencil. With a circle (a) point out the surrounding of the point where the light should fall and draw the shade (b). Moisten the apple with little water except the circle which shows the reflection.

2. When it is wet, spread SMOOTH the first layer of runny colour all over the surface of the apple except the circle again and try to harmonize its white colour with the surrounding with a quiet transition.

3. Colour in the space corresponding with the surface of the shade of the apple with darker colours

4. Now you need to work quickly and when it is wet. Dry out the excess of the colour with the cloth and while the surface is wet, wash out and spread out the colour so that it would give the impression of an umbrella and round space.

5. Once the picture is dry, highlight the shadows and the colourful details of the apple and the overcloud space.

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